Activation of protein kinase C delta (PKCdelta) is believed to be pro-apoptotic. PKCdelta is reported to be reduced in colon cancers. Using a colon cancer cell line, COLO 205, we have examined the roles of PKCdelta in apoptosis and of caspase-3 in the activation and inhibition of PKCdelta. PKCdelta activation with bistratene A and its inhibition with rottlerin induced apoptosis. Effects of PKC activators and inhibitors were additive, suggesting that PKCdelta down-regulation was responsible for the effects on apoptosis. Different apoptotic pathways induced PKCdelta cleavage, but the fragment produced was inactive in kinase assays. Caspase-3 inhibition did not block DNA fragmentation or PKCdelta proteolysis despite blocking intracellular caspase-3 activity. Calpain inhibition with calpeptin did not prevent TPA-induced PKCdelta cleavage. We conclude that in colonocytes, inhibition of PKCdelta is sufficient to lead to caspase-3-independent apoptosis. Caspase-3 does not cleave PKCdelta to an active form, nor does caspase-3 inhibition block apoptosis. (C) 2004 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
|Number of pages||10|
|Publication status||Published - 1 Feb 2005|
- bistratene A
- COLO 205
- PKC delta apoptosis