Promotion of the Flow State in Golf - A Goal Perspective Analysis

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter


Every golfer is interested in having more flow or optimal experiences in his or her golf game. It is suggested that golfers will witness a higher frequency and intensity of flow states if they adopt a task-involved (success equals hard work and improvement) in contrast to an ego-involved (success is demonstrating superior ability) goal perspective. With respect to the psychological antecedents of flow, research is reviewed which indicates that a task-involved approach should result in higher perceived competence, a preference for optimally challenging task, perceptions of personal control, more focused attention, and greater intrinsic enjoyment. Suggestions for fostering task involvement are provided.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationScience and Golf II - Proceedings of the 1994 World Scientific Congress of Golf
EditorsA J Cochran, M R Farrally
Place of PublicationNew York
ISBN (Print)0-419-18790-1
Publication statusPublished - 1994


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