Progress in solid oxide fuel cell materials

Kevin Kendall

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

39 Citations (Scopus)


Solid oxide fuel cells (SOFCs) are advancing steadily as materials become more widely available, as cell stacking techniques develop, as operational issues such as rapid start-up are addressed and as applications become more focused. The present study reviews recent developments in SOFC materials, positioning them in the context of historical trends and future ambitions for fuel cell technologies. The conclusion is that materials are starting to become widely available, cells are being traded in larger numbers, stacks can be obtained but are still relatively costly, and systems may be operated in agreement with application companies. Devices are being aimed at sensor products, through automotive auxiliary power units (APUs) to portable combined heat and power units, to stationary power plants in buildings and pressurised hybrids up to 1 MWe.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)257-264
Number of pages8
JournalInternational Materials Reviews
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - 1 Oct 2005


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