Production of titania nanoparticles by a green process route

Tiejun Lu, Stuart Blackburn, C Dickinson, MJ Rosseinsky, G Hutchings, S Axon, Gary Leeke

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

24 Citations (Scopus)


The manufacture of heterogeneous catalysts and catalyst supports produces substantial amounts of nitrate containing aqueous effluent. The use of nitrate free precursors and an environmentally friendly process would change the manufacture so that the entire process of catalyst synthesis and use can be considered green. In this work the precipitation of titania acetylacetonate nanoparticles for use as catalytic supports using a supercritical carbon dioxide anti-solvent process was investigated over a range of conditions. The effects of 1) pressure, 2) temperature, 3) solution flowrate, 4) solution concentration of TiO(acac)(2) in methanol, 5) nozzle diameter and 6) CO2/methanol flow ratio on the mean particle size and morphology were studied. Particle sizes between 27 and 78 nm were obtained and were generally string and branch-like with an amorphous nature. Pressure and temperature had little effect on the mean particle size. A decrease in the velocity of the solution flow rate led to an increase in mean particle size and to particles that exhibited greater interconnectivity. It was also observed that an increase in concentration of TiO(acac)2 in methanol led to an increase in mean particle size. The process shows promise for the production of catalysts by an environmentally acceptable route. (c) 2008 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)264-271
Number of pages8
JournalPowder Technology
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2009


  • Supercritical CO2
  • TiO(acaC)(2)
  • Heterogeneous catalyst
  • Nitrate free precursor
  • Anti-solvent


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