## Abstract

An axial algebra over the field F is a commutative algebra generated by idempotents whose adjoint action has multiplicity-free minimal polynomial. For semisimple associative algebras this leads to sums of copies of F. Here we consider the first nonassociative case, where adjoint minimal polynomials divide (x- 1)x(x- η) for fixed 0 ≠ η ≠ 1. Jordan algebras arise when η=1/2, but our motivating examples are certain Griess algebras of vertex operator algebras and the related Majorana algebras. We study a class of algebras, including these, for which axial automorphisms like those defined by Miyamoto exist, and there classify the 2-generated examples. Always for η≠1/2 and in identifiable cases for η=1/2 this implies that the Miyamoto involutions are 3-transpositions, leading to a classification.

Original language | English |
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Pages (from-to) | 79-115 |

Number of pages | 37 |

Journal | Journal of Algebra |

Volume | 437 |

Early online date | 25 May 2015 |

DOIs | |

Publication status | Published - 1 Sep 2015 |

## Keywords

- 3-Transpositions
- Axial algebra
- Griess algebra
- Jordan algebra
- Majorana algebra

## ASJC Scopus subject areas

- Algebra and Number Theory