Preventing future deaths from medicines: responses to coroners' concerns in England and Wales

Robin Ferner, Anthony Cox

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)
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Abstract

Introduction
Coroners inquire into sudden, unexpected, or unnatural deaths. We have previously established 99 cases (100 deaths) in England and Wales in which medicines or part of the medication process or both were mentioned in coroners’ ‘Regulation 28 Reports to Prevent Future Deaths’ (coroners’ reports).

Objective
We wished to see what responses were made by National Health Service (NHS) organizations and others to these 99 coroners’ reports.

Methods
Where possible, we identified the party or parties to whom these reports were addressed (names were occasionally redacted). We then sought responses, either from the UK judiciary website or by making requests to the addressee directly or, for NHS and government entities, under the Freedom of Information Act 2000. Responses were analysed by theme to indicate the steps taken to prevent future deaths.

Results
We were able to analyse one or more responses to 69/99 cases from 106 organizations. We analysed 201 separate actions proposed or taken to address the 160 concerns expressed by coroners. Staff education or training was the most common form of action taken (44/201). Some organisations made changes in process (24/201) or policy (17/201), and some felt existing policies were sufficient to address some concerns (22/201).

Conclusions
Coroners’ concerns are often of national importance but are not currently shared nationally. Only a minority of responses to coroners’ reports concerning medicines are in the public domain. Processes for auditing responses and assessing their effectiveness are opaque. Few of the responses appear to provide robust and generally applicable ways to prevent future deaths.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)445–451
Number of pages7
JournalDrug Safety
Volume42
Issue number3
Early online date8 Oct 2018
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Mar 2019

Bibliographical note

Ferner RE, Ahmad T, Babatunde Z, Cox AR.
Drug Saf. 2019 Mar;42(3):445-451. doi: 10.1007/s40264-018-0738-z.

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