Pressure-induced large increase of Curie temperature of the van der Waals ferromagnet VI3

J. Valenta, M. Kratochvílová, M. Míšek, K. Carva, J. Kaštil, P. Doležal, P. Opletal, P. Čermák, P. Proschek, K. Uhlířová, J. Prchal, M. J. Coak, S. Son, J-G. Park, V. Sechovský

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Evolution of magnetism in single crystals of the van der Waals compound VI3 in external pressure up to 7.3 GPa studied by measuring magnetization and ac magnetic susceptibility is reported. Four magnetic phase transitions, at T1=54.5K, T2=53K, TC=49.5K, and TFM=26K, respectively, have been observed at ambient pressure. The first two have been attributed to the onset of ferromagnetism in specific crystal-surface layers. The bulk ferromagnetism is characterized by the magnetic ordering transition at Curie temperature TC and the transition between two different ferromagnetic phases TFM, accompanied by a structure transition from monoclinic to triclinic symmetry upon cooling. The pressure effects on magnetic parameters were studied with three independent techniques. TC was found to be almost unaffected by pressures up to 0.6 GPa whereas TFM increases rapidly with increasing pressure and reaches TC at a triple point at ≈ 0.85 GPa. At higher pressures, only one magnetic phase transition is observed moving to higher temperatures with increasing pressure to reach 99 K at 7.3 GPa. In contrast, the low-temperature bulk magnetization is significantly reduced by applying pressure (by more than 50% at 2.5 GPa) suggesting a possible pressure-induced reduction of vanadium magnetic moment. First-principles calculations of VI3 under pressure allow us to ascribe the evolution of TC with pressure to the reduction of interplanar distance, including the observed slope change at 0.6 GPa. These calculations also describe the associated band gap closing, showing that with a modest compression the material would become metallic. Overall, the large pressure range covered corresponds to a significant change of interplanar interactions. The obtained data thus allow us to shed light on how does the transition between the three-dimensional (3D) and quasi-2D system affect magnetic interactions in the system.
Original languageEnglish
Article number054424
Number of pages14
JournalPhysical Review B
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - 1 Feb 2021


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