Preparation and rheological properties of whey protein emulsion fluid gels

R. J. A. Moakes, A. Sullo, I. T. Norton

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

17 Citations (Scopus)
245 Downloads (Pure)


A shear-gel approach was used to coat an O/W emulsion with a whey protein shell. Mechanical shear was applied to an aqueous solution of whey protein isolate (WPI) and oil then heated through the sol–gel transition. The formation of a continuous WPI network was prevented through the shear flow, resulting in discreet spherical capsules, with sizes in the micron scale ([similar]25 μm). Through careful control over both the oil and WPI components, encapsulation efficiencies of up to 99% were obtained. Subsequent rheological properties highlighted elastic behaviour (G′) dependent on oil content; where higher oil fractions increased the effective phase volume of the particles. The result was packing fractions that exceeded those for hard spheres (>0.64), leading to pseudo-solid characteristics at rest, apparent yield stresses and thixotropic behaviour under shear. As such, emulsion fluid gel (EmFG) rheology was closely comparable to those of soft microgel suspensions (fluid gels) and soft-coated particles.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)60786-60795
JournalRSC Advances
Issue number75
Early online date14 Jul 2015
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2015


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