Prenatal hypoxia induces increased cardiac contractility on a background of decreased capillary density.

David Hauton, V Ousley

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

29 Citations (Scopus)
179 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

Background: Chronic hypoxia in utero (CHU) is one of the most common insults to fetal development and may be associated with poor cardiac recovery from ischaemia-reperfusion injury,yet the effects on normal cardiac mechanical performance are poorly understood. Methods: Pregnant female wistar rats were exposed to hypoxia (12% oxygen, balance nitrogen)for days 10–20 of pregnancy. Pups were born into normal room air and weaned normally. At 10 weeks of age, hearts were excised under anaesthesia and underwent retrograde 'Langendorff' perfusion. Mechanical performance was measured at constant filling pressure (100 cm H2O) with intraventricular balloon. Left ventricular free wall was dissected away and capillary density estimated following alkaline phosphatase staining. Expression of SERCA2a and Nitric Oxide Synthases (NOS) proteins were estimated by immunoblotting. Results: CHU significantly increased body mass (P <0.001) compared with age-matched control rats but was without effect on relative cardiac mass. For incremental increases in left ventricular balloon volume, diastolic pressure was preserved. However, systolic pressure was significantly greater following CHU for balloon volume = 50 μl (P <0.01) and up to 200 μl (P <0.05). For higher balloon volumes systolic pressure was not significantly different from control. Developed pressures were correspondingly increased relative to controls for balloon volumes up to 250 μl (P <0.05).Left ventricular free wall capillary density was significantly decreased in both epicardium (18%; P
Original languageEnglish
Article number1
JournalBMC Cardiovascular Disorders
Volume9
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 6 Jan 2009

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