Premonitory urges and repetitive behaviours in adult patients with Tourette syndrome

Sangeerthana Rajagopal, Andrea E Cavanna

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

15 Citations (Scopus)


Tourette syndrome (TS) is a neurodevelopmental disorder characterised by multiple motor and phonic tics, which are associated with sensory symptoms (premonitory urges). Little is known about the nature of the subjective urges and repetitive behaviours which are intrinsic to TS. This study assessed the relationship between specific urges and repetitive behaviours in 108 consecutive adult patients recruited at a specialist TS Clinic. Analysis of self-report measures of sensory symptoms (Premonitory Urge for Tics Scale) and repetitive behaviours (Motor tic, Obsessions and compulsions, Vocal tic Evaluation Survey) showed that different types of urges are associated with simple/complex tics and obsessive-compulsive symptoms.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)969-971
Number of pages3
JournalNeurological Sciences
Early online date7 Mar 2014
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2014


  • Adult
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Severity of Illness Index
  • Tics/psychology
  • Tourette Syndrome/psychology
  • Premonitory urges
  • Sensory symptoms
  • Repetitive behaviours


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