Prediction of Plastic Strain for Recrystallisation during Investment Casting of Single Crystal Superalloys

C. Panwisawas*, H. Mathur, J. C. Gebelin, D. C. Putman, P. Withey, N. Warnken, C. M F Rae, R. C. Reed

*Corresponding author for this work

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

    3 Citations (Scopus)


    Castings for single crystal aerofoils can be prone to recrystallisation during solution heat treatment; however quantitative information concerning the factors causing this phenomenon is lacking. In this paper, mathematical modelling and targeted experimentation are used to deduce the levels of localised plastic strain needed for recrystallisation to occur. The influences of differential thermal contraction against the shell, specimen geometry and stress concentration factor are quantified. The model predicts that the induced strain in the metal increased with the ceramic shell thickness, and in some geometries, with the solidification height. Negligible plastic strains were predicted in a solid casting with no stress concentration features. However, as the geometry became more complex by reducing the casting cross-section, by the insertion of a core and introduction of stress concentration features, the induced plastic strains increased significantly. The predicted plastic strain for recrystallisation in a cored casting was in good agreement with experimental critical strain data. The model provides the foundation for a systems-based approach which enables recrystallisation to be predicted and thus avoided, prior to its occurrence in the foundry.

    Original languageEnglish
    Title of host publicationSuperalloys 2012
    PublisherJohn Wiley & Sons
    Number of pages10
    ISBN (Print)9780470943205
    Publication statusPublished - 2 Oct 2012


    • Investment casting
    • Modelling
    • Plastic strain accumulation
    • Recrystallisation

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Materials Science(all)


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