Predicting Young Athletes' Motivational Indices as a Function of their Perceptions of the Coach- and Peer-related Climate

S Vazou, Nikolaos Ntoumanis, Joan Duda

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Objectives: The purpose of this study was to examine the additive and interactive influence of perceptions of the coach- and peer-created motivational climates (MC) on affective (physical self-worth, enjoyment, trait anxiety) and behavioural (exerted effort as rated by the coach) responses of young athletes. Age and gender differences in athletes’ views regarding these psychological environments were also examined. Design: Cross-sectional; participants responded to a number of questionnaires assessing peer and coach motivational climate, and affective and behavioural responses in youth sport. Methods: Participants were 493 young athletes, age 12–17 years (M ageZ14.08; SDZ1.29), from various individual and team sports. Results: Hierarchical regression analyses, controlling for age and gender, showed that a perceived task-involving peer MC was the only predictor of physical self-worth. A perceived ego-involving coach climate emerged as the only predictor of trait anxiety. Enjoyment was predicted positively by both coach and peer task-involving MCs, whereas reported effort was predicted only by the coach task-involving MC. A 2-way MANOVA revealed that perceptions of ego-involving coach and peer MCs were higher among males, whereas females reported higher perceptions of task-involving coach and peer MCs, whereas no age differences were identified. A significant age–gender interaction effect on the peer ego-involving MC emerged. Conclusions: The findings provide evidence for the importance of peer-created MC in youth sport and suggest that both coach and peer influence should be considered in future research on young athletes’ self perceptions and motivation-related responses in sport.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)215-233
Number of pages19
JournalPsychology of Sport and Exercise
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 1 Mar 2006


  • youth sport
  • enjoyment
  • anxiety
  • effort
  • physical self-worth
  • motivational climate
  • physical activity contexts
  • intrinsic motivation
  • goal orientations
  • perceived ability
  • psychometric properties
  • education
  • satisfaction
  • basketball
  • students


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