Possible methods of recycling NdFeB-type sintered magnets usiing the HD/degassing process

Miha Zakotnik, Ivor Harris, Andrew Williams

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

87 Citations (Scopus)


With the rapid growth in the use of NdFeB-type magnets and with the growing environmental need to conserve both energy and raw materials, the recycling of these magnets is becoming an ever important issue. In this paper it is demonstrated that hydrogen could play a vital role in this process. Fully dense sintered NdFeB-type magnets have been subjected to the hydrogen decrepitation (HD) process. The resultant powder has been subsequently processed in one of two ways in order to produce permanent magnets. Firstly, the powder was subjected to a vacuum degassing treatment over a range of temperatures up to 1000 degrees C in order to produce powder that would be suitable for the production of anisotropic bonded or hot pressed magnets. Secondly, the HD-powder has been used to produce fully dense sintered magnets; in which case optimisation of the milling time, sintering temperature and time was carried out. The optimum degassing temperature for coercive powder was found to be 700 degrees C, giving powder with a remanence (Br) of similar to 1350 mT (+/- 50 mT) and an intrinsic coercivity (Hcj) of similar to 750 kA m(-1) (+/- 50 kA m(-1)). The best sintered magnet was produced by very lightly milling the powder (30 min, roller ball mill), aligning, pressing and vacuum sintering at 1080 degrees C for 1 h. The magnetic properties of this magnet were: (BH)(max) = 290 kJ m(-3) (+/- 5 kJ m(-3)), Br = 1240 mT (+/- 50 mT) and Hcj = 830 kA m(-1) (+/- 50 kA m(-1)); representing decreases of 15%, 10% and 20%, respectively, from the properties of the initial magnet. (C) 2007 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of Alloys and Compounds
Publication statusPublished - 30 Jan 2007


  • recycle
  • recovery of magnetic properties
  • recycling
  • permanent magnets
  • scrap magnets
  • waste magnets


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