Pneumococci causing invasive disease in children prior to the introduction of pneumococcal conjugate vaccine in Scotland

Stuart C Clarke, Johanna M C Jefferies, Andrew J Smith, Jim McMenamin, Timothy J Mitchell, Giles F S Edwards

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9 Citations (Scopus)


This study aimed to determine the serotypes and sequence types (STs) of pneumococci causing paediatric invasive disease in Scotland prior to the introduction of pneumococcal conjugate vaccines (PCVs). All invasive pneumococci isolated between 2000 and 2004 from children aged less than 5 years in Scotland were used. The isolates were characterized by serotyping and multi-locus sequence typing. Two hundred and seventeen pneumococci were characterized into 22 different serogroups/types, the most common, in rank order, being 14, 19F, 6B, 18C, 23F, 9V, 4, 1, 19A and 6A. They were further genotyped into 77 different STs, the three most common being 9, 162 and 176. Common serotypes possessed multiple STs, but pneumococci of a particular clone were mostly associated with a particular serotype. The seven most common serotypes are included in the 7-valent polysaccharide conjugate vaccine (PCV7). Serotype coverage for PCV7 was 76.5% in those aged less than 5 years but increased to 88.9% for those aged 1 year. The introduction of PCV7 into the childhood immunization schedule would reduce the burden of pneumococcal disease in children, although continued surveillance of invasive pneumococcal disease will be required before, during and after the introduction of PCVs.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1079-84
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Medical Microbiology
Issue numberPt 8
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2006


  • Child, Preschool
  • DNA, Bacterial
  • Humans
  • Infant
  • Molecular Epidemiology
  • Pneumococcal Infections
  • Pneumococcal Vaccines
  • Scotland
  • Sequence Analysis, DNA
  • Serotyping
  • Streptococcus pneumoniae
  • Vaccines, Conjugate


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