OBJECTIVE: To investigate possible associations between platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF), PDGF receptor expression and macrophages in drug-induced and hereditary gingival overgrowth. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Tissues from patients with drug-induced gingival overgrowth (DIGO) (n = 10) and hereditary gingival fibrosis (n = 10) were studied and compared with 'control' gingiva (n = 10). Expression of PDGF and its alpha and beta receptors was investigated immunohistochemically and by RT-PCR. Macrophages were identified by immunostaining for CD68. RESULTS: PDGF isoforms and receptors were detected in most cells within all specimens. There were no differences in the numbers of macrophages, or fibroblasts expressing PDGF or receptors, between groups. The level of PDGF expression by fibroblasts, determined by absorbance measurements, was similar between groups for PDGF A. Significantly lower levels of total PDGF and the receptors were detected in drug-induced overgrowth compared to those in hereditary fibrosis (P <0.004) and control specimens (P <0.034). All specimens expressed mRNA for PDGF A, PDGF B and alpha and beta receptors. CONCLUSIONS: These data do not support a pivotal role for macrophage-derived PDGF B in the pathogenesis of DIGO. They suggest that fibroblasts in drug-induced lesions have a lowered capacity to produce, and respond to, PDGF, a property not shared by fibroblasts associated with hereditary fibrosis.
- drug induced
- platelet-derived growth factor
- hereditary gingival fibrosis
- gingival overgrowth
- platelet-derived growth factor receptors