Planning, temporary urbanism and citizen-led alternative-substitute place-making in the Global South

Lauren Andres, Hakeem Bakare, John Bryson, Winnie Khaemba, Lorena Melgaco Silva Marques, George Mwaniki

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Citations (Scopus)
161 Downloads (Pure)


This paper argues that planning in the Global South needs to be embedded within a more complex and systemic framework based on understanding cities' functions and transformations, at both local and regional levels, whilst advocating for and incorporating informal and temporary dynamics. This is to differentiate between two competing processes: formal planning and citizen-led place-making, here considered as a form of reactive alternative-substitute place-making that occurs when there is no available alternative. The paper calls for a better integration of such impermanent, adaptable, temporary and alternative forms of place-making into the planning process for regional futures.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)29-39
Number of pages11
JournalRegional Studies
Issue number1
Early online date14 Oct 2019
Publication statusPublished - 2 Jan 2021

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
The authors thank the two rounds of reviewers for their constructive comments, as well as the editors, John Harrison, Daniel Galland and Mark Tewdwr-Jones, for developing the special issue and for their encouragement. This paper was first presented at the 2018 Regional Studies Association (RSA) Winter Conference and the authors are grateful for those who attended their session and provided stimulating questions and comments. The authors also acknowledge and thank their two colleagues, Stuart Denoon-Stevens (University of Bloemfontein, South Africa), National Research Foundation (NRF) principal investigator of the Economic and Social Research Council (ESRC)/NRF SAPER (South African Planning Education Research) project, and Francis Pope, lead of the Department for International Development (DFID) ASAP East Africa (A systems approach to Air Pollution in East Africa) project (University of Birmingham, UK).

Publisher Copyright:
© 2019, © 2019 The Author(s). Published by Informa UK Limited, trading as Taylor & Francis Group.


  • Africa
  • Global South
  • alternative-substitute place-making
  • temporary urbanism
  • urban and regional planning
  • urban systems

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Environmental Science(all)
  • Social Sciences(all)


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