Photometric and spectroscopic evolution of the interacting transient AT 2016jbu(Gaia16cfr)

S. J. Brennan, M. Fraser, J. Johansson, A. Pastorello, R. Kotak, H. F. Stevance, T. -W. Chen, J. J. Eldridge, S. Bose, P. J. Brown, E. Callis, R. Cartier, M. Dennefeld, Subo Dong, P. Duffy, N. Elias-Rosa, G. Hosseinzadeh, E. Hsiao, H. Kuncarayakti, A. Martin-CarrilloB. Monard, A. Nyholm, G. Pignata, D. Sand, B. J. Shappee, S. J. Smartt, B. E. Tucker, L. Wyrzykowski, H. Abbot, S. Benetti, J. Bento, S. Blondin, Ping Chen, A. Delgado, L. Galbany, M. Gromadzki, C. P. Gutiérrez, L. Hanlon, D. L. Harrison, D. Hiramatsu, S. T. Hodgkin, T. W. -S. Holoien, D. A. Howell, C. Inserra, E. Kankare, S. Kozłowski, T. E. Müller-Bravo, K. Maguire, C. McCully, P. Meintjes, N. Morrell, M. Nicholl, D. O'Neill, P. Pietrukowicz, R. Poleski, J. L. Prieto, A. Rau, D. E. Reichart, T. Schweyer, M. Shahbandeh, J. Skowron, J. Sollerman, I. Soszyński, M. D. Stritzinger, M. Szymański, L. Tartaglia, A. Udalski, K. Ulaczyk, D. R. Young, M. van Leeuwen, B. van Soelen

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We present the results from a high-cadence, multiwavelength observation campaign of AT 2016jbu (aka Gaia16cfr), an interacting transient. This data set complements the current literature by adding higher cadence as well as extended coverage of the light-curve evolution and late-time spectroscopic evolution. Photometric coverage reveals that AT 2016jbu underwent significant photometric variability followed by two luminous events, the latter of which reached an absolute magnitude of MV ~ -18.5 mag. This is similar to the transient SN 2009ip whose nature is still debated. Spectra are dominated by narrow emission lines and show a blue continuum during the peak of the second event. AT 2016jbu shows signatures of a complex, non-homogeneous circumstellar material (CSM). We see slowly evolving asymmetric hydrogen line profiles, with velocities of 500 km s-1 seen in narrow emission features from a slow-moving CSM, and up to 10 000 km s-1 seen in broad absorption from some high-velocity material. Late-time spectra (~+1 yr) show a lack of forbidden emission lines expected from a core-collapse supernova and are dominated by strong emission from H, He I, and Ca II. Strong asymmetric emission features, a bumpy light curve, and continually evolving spectra suggest an inhibit nebular phase. We compare the evolution of H α among SN 2009ip-like transients and find possible evidence for orientation angle effects. The light-curve evolution of AT 2016jbu suggests similar, but not identical, circumstellar environments to other SN 2009ip-like transients....
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)5642–5665
Number of pages24
JournalMonthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society
Issue number4
Early online date6 May 2022
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2022


  • circumstellar matter
  • stars: massive
  • supernovae: individual: AT 2016jbu, Gaia16cfr, SN 2009ip


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