Production of nitric oxide and the activation of protein kinases are required for long-term potentiation of synaptic transmission at the giant synapses in chicken ciliary ganglion. In the present study, we investigated the ability of nitric oxide to regulate the phosphorylation of endogenous proteins under conditions that induced long-term potentiation in intact ciliary ganglion and the protein kinases responsible for the phosphorylation of these proteins in lysed ciliary ganglion. Using Calcium Green-1 we showed that the nitric oxide donor sodium nitroprusside did not change the intraterminal Ca2+ dynamics in ciliary ganglion. Two dimensional phosphopeptide analysis of 32Pi-labelled intact ciliary ganglion showed that the sodium nitroprusside (300 microM) increased the phosphorylation of several phosphopeptides (P50a, P50b and P41) derived from proteins at 50,000 and 41,000 mol. wts which we have called nitric oxide-responsive phosphoproteins. A similar stimulation of phosphorylation was achieved by 8-bromo-cyclic AMP (100 microM), which also induced long-term potentiation, but not by phorbol dibutyrate (2 microM) that does not induce long-term potentiation in ciliary ganglion. When subcellular fractions from lysed ciliary ganglion were labelled in vitro by [gamma-32P]ATP in the presence of purified cGMP-dependent, cAMP-dependent or Ca2+-phospholipid-dependent protein kinases, we identified cyclic GMP-dependent protein kinase substrates that gave rise to phosphopeptides co-migrating with P50a, P50b and P41 from 32Pi-labelled intact ciliary ganglion. P50a and P41 were derived from soluble proteins while P50b was derived from a membrane-associated protein. The proteins giving rise to P50a, P50b and P41 were also substrates for cyclic AMP-dependent protein kinase, but not for calcium and phospholipid-dependent protein kinase in vitro, suggesting that nitric oxide-responsive phosphoproteins are convergence points in information processing in vivo and their phosphorylation might represent an important mechanism in nitric oxide-mediated synaptic plasticity in ciliary ganglion.
|Number of pages||13|
|Publication status||Published - 1999|