Phonological and orthographic overlap effects in fast priming.

Steven Frisson, Natalie Belanger, Keith Rayner

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

12 Citations (Scopus)
149 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

We investigated how orthographic and phonological information is activated during reading, using a fast priming task, and during single word recognition, using masked priming. Specifically, different types of overlap between prime and target were contrasted: high orthographic and high phonological overlap (track-crack), high orthographic and low phonological overlap (bear-gear), or low orthographic and high phonological overlap (fruitchute). In addition, we examined whether (orthographic) beginning overlap (swoop-swoon) yielded the same priming pattern as end (rhyme) overlap (track-crack). Prime durations were 32 and 50ms in the fast priming version, and 50ms in the masked priming version, and mode of presentation (prime and target in lower case) was identical. The fast priming experiment showed facilitatory priming effects when both orthography and phonology overlapped, with no apparent differences between beginning and end overlap pairs. Facilitation was also found when prime and target only overlapped orthographically. In contrast, the masked priming experiment showed inhibition for both types of end overlap pairs (with and without phonological overlap), and no difference for begin overlap items. When prime and target only shared principally phonological information, facilitation was only found with a long prime duration in the fast priming experiment, while no differences were found in the masked priming version. These contrasting results suggest that fast priming and masked priming do
not necessarily tap into the same type of processing.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1742-1767
Number of pages26
JournalQuarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology
Volume67
Issue number9
Early online date23 Dec 2013
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2014

Keywords

  • Psycholinguistics
  • phonology
  • orthography
  • fast priming
  • eye-tracking

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