Perspective: tyrosine phosphatases as novel targets for antiplatelet therapy

Lutz Tautz, Yotis A Senis, Cécile Oury, Souad Rahmouni

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

18 Citations (Scopus)
174 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

Arterial thrombosis is the primary cause of most cases of myocardial infarction and stroke, the leading causes of death in the developed world. Platelets, highly specialized cells of the circulatory system, are key contributors to thrombotic events. Antiplatelet drugs, which prevent platelets from aggregating, have been very effective in reducing the mortality and morbidity of these conditions. However, approved antiplatelet therapies have adverse side effects, most notably the increased risk of bleeding. Moreover, there remains a considerable incidence of arterial thrombosis in a subset of patients receiving currently available drugs. Thus, there is a pressing medical need for novel antiplatelet agents with a more favorable safety profile and less patient resistance. The discovery of novel antiplatelet targets is the matter of intense ongoing research. Recent findings demonstrate the potential of targeting key signaling molecules, including kinases and phosphatases, to prevent platelet activation and aggregation. Here, we offer perspectives to targeting members of the protein tyrosine phosphatase (PTP) superfamily, a major class of enzymes in signal transduction. We give an overview of previously identified PTPs in platelet signaling, and discuss their potential as antiplatelet drug targets. We also introduce VHR (DUSP3), a PTP that we recently identified as a major player in platelet biology and thrombosis. We review our data on genetic deletion as well as pharmacological inhibition of VHR, providing proof-of-principle for a novel and potentially safer VHR-based antiplatelet therapy.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2786–2797
Number of pages12
JournalBioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry
Volume23
Issue number12
Early online date4 Apr 2015
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 15 Jun 2015

Keywords

  • Protein tyrosine phosphatases
  • PTP
  • Inhibitor
  • Thrombosis
  • Antithrombotic
  • Platelets
  • Antiplatelet
  • Therapy
  • Drug
  • GPVI
  • CLEC-2
  • DUSP3
  • VHR
  • CD148
  • PTP1B
  • SHP1
  • SHP2

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