Performance of an optical single-sideband laser system for atom interferometry

Clemens Rammeloo, Lingxiao Zhu, Yu-Hung Lien, Kai Bongs, Michael Holynski

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This paper reports on a detailed performance characterization of a recently developed optical single-sideband (OSSB) laser system based on an IQ modulator and second-harmonic generation for rubidium atom interferometry experiments. The measured performance is used to evaluate the noise contributions of this OSSB laser system when it is applied to drive stimulated Raman transitions in 87Rb for precision measurements of gravitational acceleration. The laser system suppresses unwanted sideband components, but additional phase shift compensation must be applied when performing frequency chirps with such an OSSB laser system. The total phase noise contribution of the OSSB laser system in the current experiment is 72 mrad for a single atom interferometry sequence with interrogation times of T = 120 ms, which corresponds to a relative precision of 32 ng per shot. The dominant noise sources are found in the relative power fluctuations between sideband and carrier components and the phase noise of the microwave source.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1485-1493
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of the Optical Society of America B : Optical Physics
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - 23 Apr 2020

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Statistical and Nonlinear Physics
  • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics


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