Performance assessment of smart distribution networks with strategic operation of battery electric vehicles

Yu Xiong, Dilan Jayaweera

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)
248 Downloads (Pure)


Energy security, greenhouse gas emission, and debate on climate change gained an increased interest for penetrating renewable power generation into distribution networks. Among the renewable power technologies, the wind power takes a considerable share to supply the electricity demand in many networks. The wind is intermittent and its power output needs an auxiliary support to serve the energy customers and to limit impacts. The emerging battery electric vehicles (BEVs) are a potential source that can be used to mitigate intermittent effects of wind power outputs in modern distribution networks. BEVs are inherited with the mobility advantage and they can be used as a battery-based energy storage solution to smooth intermittent power outputs. Taking into account the mobility advantage of BEVs, the paper investigates the strategic ability of them to enhance the reliability performance of an unbalanced power distribution network by incorporating the provision of smart coordination of vehicles. Operation of BEVs is characterized by using charging and discharging rates, depth of discharge, and their states of charge at times of operation. A set of case studies were performed by integrating generic distribution network models to a power transmission network model. The results suggest that strategic operation of BEVs can potentially provide a considerable opportunity to build capacity required for wind power in smart power distribution systems. Results also depict that the necessary BEV capacity to mitigate wind impacts on reliability does not necessarily correlate with installed capacities of wind plants. A quantitative assessment provides detailed information of impact thresholds.

Original languageEnglish
Article number023103
Pages (from-to)295–303
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Renewable and Sustainable Energy
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 1 Mar 2015

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment


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