Performance analysis and detailed experimental results of the first liquid air energy storage plant in the world

A. Sciacovelli, D. Smith, M. E. Navarro, A. Vecchi, X. Peng, Y. Li, J. Radcliffe, Y. Ding

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

16 Citations (Scopus)


Liquid air energy storage (LAES) is a technology for bulk electricity storage in the form of liquid air with power output potentially above 10 MW and storage capacity of 100 s MWh. In this paper, we address the performance of LAES and the experimental evidences gathered through the first LAES pilot plant in the world developed by Highview power storage at Slough (London) and currently installed at the University of Birmingham (UK). We developed a numerical model of LAES plant and carried out an experimental campaign to gather new results which show the LAES operating principles, the reliability of the technology, the startup/shut down performance, and the influence of operational parameters. In summary, this work (a) contributes to the advancement of thermomechanical storage systems, (b) provides new experimental evidences and results for LAES technology, and (c) highlights the crucial aspects to necessarily improve the performance of LAES.

Original languageEnglish
Article number022001
JournalJournal of Energy Resources Technology, Transactions of the ASME
Issue number2
Early online date22 Dec 2017
Publication statusPublished - 1 Feb 2018

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
• Energy Storage for Low Carbon Grids (Grant No. EP/ K002252/1).

Funding Information:
• NexGen-TEST Next Generation Grid Scale Thermal Energy Storage Technologies (Grant No. EP/L014211/1).

Funding Information:
• Consortium for Modelling and Analysis of Decentralised Energy Storage (Grant No. EP/N001745/1).

Funding Information:
• Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (Grant No. 1EP/L019469/1).

Publisher Copyright:
© 2018 by ASME.

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Fuel Technology
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Geochemistry and Petrology


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