Peak-effect, a new phenomenon observed at microwave frequencies in high Tc superconductor thin films

AR Bhangale, T Banerjee, Pratap Raychaudhuri, SP Pai, J John, SS Bhagwat, VC Bagwe, VS Shirodkar

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle


Measurements of microwave surface resistance in magnetic fields (parallel to c-axis), ranging between 0.2 and 0.9 T, of high quality epitaxial DyBa2Cu3O7-y and YBa2Cu3O7-y superconducting thin films show a pronounced peak near the superconducting transition temperature. It is more pronounced at a frequency of 9.55 GHz as compared to 4.88 GHz. The exact nature of the peak is somewhat sample-dependent thereby indicating that the nature and distribution of defects in the films or the pinning sites determine the nature of the peaks; however, it follows the general trend that as the magnetic field is increased the peak shifts towards the lower temperature and is absent when the field is zero. The temperature and field dependence of the peak suggests that this peak could be associated with the order-disorder transition of the flux-line lattice. The peak-effect shows strong frequency dependence close to the depinning frequency of the flux line lattice. We explain our data in terms of the temperature dependence of the Labusch parameter within the collective pinning scenario in type II superconductors. (C) 2002 Elsevier Science B.V. All rights reserved.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)386-394
Number of pages9
JournalPhysica C Superconductivity
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 15 Nov 2002


  • microwave characteristics and magnetic properties
  • peak effect


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