Partition functions and fibering operators on the Coulomb branch of 5d SCFTs

Cyril Closset*, Horia Magureanu

*Corresponding author for this work

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We study 5d N = 1 supersymmetric field theories on closed five-manifolds M5 which are principal circle bundles over simply-connected Kähler four-manifolds, M4, equipped with the Donaldson-Witten twist. We propose a new approach to compute the supersymmetric partition function on M5 through the insertion of a fibering operator, which introduces a non-trivial fibration over M4, in the 4d topologically twisted field theory. We determine the so-called Coulomb branch partition function on any such M5, which is conjectured to be the holomorphic ‘integrand’ of the full partition function. We precisely match the low-energy effective field theory approach to explicit one-loop computations, and we discuss the effect of non-perturbative 5d BPS particles in this context. When M4 is toric, we also reconstruct our Coulomb branch partition function by appropriately gluing Nekrasov partition functions. As a by-product of our analysis, we provide strong new evidence for the validity of the Lockhart-Vafa formula for the five-sphere partition function.
Original languageEnglish
Article number35
JournalJournal of High Energy Physics
Issue number1
Early online date10 Jan 2023
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 10 Jan 2023


  • Regular Article - Theoretical Physics
  • Nonperturbative Effects
  • Supersymmetric Effective Theories
  • Supersymmetric Gauge Theory


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