PARTicipative inquiry for tourist experience

Claire Ingram*, Robert Caruana, Scott McCabe

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

37 Citations (Scopus)


Despite a wealth of research on the tourist experience, empirical evidence remains weak due to difficulties in data collection during people's holidays. Tourist experience has thus primarily been analysed from a fixed point, such as prior motivations to travel or retrospective accounts. However, this obscures important information on tourists as they transition through the total experience. This paper presents participative inquiry as a novel methodology for the acquisition of data before, during and after the holiday; facilitating ‘prospective’, ‘active’ and ‘reflective’ triangulation (PART). We provide an empirical example of PARTicipative inquiry in practice, highlighting the benefits and challenges of this approach alongside the (otherwise) hidden insights it reveals into the responsible tourist experience.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)13-24
Number of pages12
JournalAnnals of Tourism Research
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jul 2017

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This research has been funded by an Economic and Social Research Council (ESRC) PhD Scholarship [grant number: 1368850].

Publisher Copyright:
© 2017 Elsevier Ltd


  • Participative inquiry
  • Responsible tourism
  • Tourist experience
  • Triangulation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Development
  • Tourism, Leisure and Hospitality Management


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