Pacing-induced increase iin QT dispersion predicts sudden cardiac death following cardiac resynchronization therapy

S Chalil, ZR Yousef, SA Muyhaldeen, REA Smith, P Jordan, CR Gibbs, Francisco Leyva-Leon

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

38 Citations (Scopus)


OBJECTIVES: This study was designed to determine whether cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT) by means of biventricular pacing (BiVP) alters the QT interval (QT(c)) and QT dispersion (QTD), and whether such changes relate to the risk of developing major arrhythmic events (MAE). BACKGROUND: Prolonged QT(c) is associated with MAE. Left ventricular pacing and BiVP alter QT(c). METHODS: A total of 75 patients with drug-resistant heart failure (New York Heart Association functional class III/IV) and QRS duration > or =120 ms underwent CRT. The QT(c) and QTD were measured before and 48 days after BiVP. RESULTS: Over 807 days (range 93 to 1,543 days), 11 patients had a MAE. Compared to baseline, at 48 days after CRT, QTD increased in 47% of patients and QT(c) decreased in 53%. The QT(c) at follow-up was higher in MAE patients compared with no-MAE patients (35.9 +/- 14.2 ms vs. 0.52 +/- 6.0 ms; p = 0.0323). Similar differential responses for QTD were observed (46.4 +/- 13.5 ms in MAE vs. -5.1 +/- 4.1 ms in no MAE, p <0.0001). The MAE occurred in 29% of patients exhibiting an increase in QTD and in 3% of those exhibiting a decrease (p = 0.0017). In multiple regression analyses, change in QTD from baseline (DeltaQTD) strongly predicted MAE, independent of DeltaQT(c), QRS duration, and left ventricular ejection fraction and end-diastolic volume (p <0.001). Differences in survival curves were observed when patients were dichotomized according to whether QTD increased or decreased in relation to baseline values (p <0.0001). CONCLUSIONS: The MAE in patients with BiVP are related to pacing-induced increases in QTD. Measures of ventricular repolarization at the time of pacemaker implantation may guide selection of patients for combined CRT and defibrillator therapy.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2486-2492
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of the American College of Cardiology
Issue number12
Publication statusPublished - 20 Jun 2006


Dive into the research topics of 'Pacing-induced increase iin QT dispersion predicts sudden cardiac death following cardiac resynchronization therapy'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this