In this study we examined the role and regulation of OX40 signals during CD4 T cell priming on dendritic cells (DCs). Contrary to expectation, OX40-deficient cells proliferated more rapidly than their normal counterparts, particularly when stimulated with peptide in the absence of added cytokines. This proliferative advantage was not apparent for Th2-differentiated cells. When the reasons for this were investigated, we found that the cytokine IL-4 specifically down-regulated expression of OX40 ligand on T, B, and DCs, but not on the CD4(+)CD3(-) cells linked with selection of Th2 cells into the memory compartment. OX40 ligand expression was also down-regulated on rapidly proliferating Th1 effectors. These data are compatible with OX40 signals acting during priming as a check on naive T cell proliferation while T cells integrate additional DC signals. This would serve to limit inappropriate T cell responses. In contrast, OX40 signals from CD4(+)CD3(-) cells located in the outer T zone select proliferating Th2 effectors into the memory T cell pool.
|Number of pages||5|
|Journal||Journal of Immunology|
|Publication status||Published - 1 Feb 2005|