Overcoming translational challenges - The delivery of mechanical stimuli in vivo

Hareklea Markides, Jane S McLaren, Alicia J El Haj

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

13 Citations (Scopus)


Despite major medical advances, non-union bone fractures and skeletal defects continue to place significant burden on the patient, the clinicians and the healthcare system as a whole. Current bone substitute approaches are still limited in effectiveness and to date no adequate bone substitute material has been developed for routine clinical application. Tissue engineering presents a novel approach to tackling this clinical burden and developing an acceptable solution for the treatment of skeletal defects. Over the past three decades the field has evolved to appreciate the key biological, material and physical parameters influencing the development of a cell-based tissue engineered therapy and to create associated technologies to exploit such parameters. In recent years a number of therapies have started progressing along the pre-clinical pipeline to build a case for regulatory approval and ultimately clinical adoption. However, little emphasis has been given to the translational challenges faced when moving from "bench-to-bedside". One particular challenge lies in the delivery of functional mechanical stimuli to implanted cell populations to activate and promote osteogenic activities. This review introduces novel bio-magnetic approaches to overcoming this challenge.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)162-172
Number of pages11
JournalThe International Journal of Biochemistry & Cell Biology
Early online date19 Oct 2015
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2015


  • Animals
  • Biomechanical Phenomena
  • Bone Regeneration
  • Bone Substitutes/therapeutic use
  • Bone and Bones/physiology
  • Fracture Healing
  • Fractures, Bone/therapy
  • Humans
  • Tissue Engineering
  • Translational Medical Research


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