Outcomes important to patients with non-infectious posterior segment-involving uveitis: a qualitative study

Mohammad Tallouzi, David Moore, Nicholas Bucknall, Philip I. Murray, Melanie Calvert, Alastair Denniston, Jonathan Mathers

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

8 Downloads (Pure)


Objective: Uveitis, a group of disorders characterised by intraocular inflammation, causes 10–15% of total blindness in the developed world. The most sight-threatening forms of non-infectious uveitis are those affecting the posterior segment of the eye, collectively known as posterior-segment involving uveitis (PSIU). Numerous different clinical outcomes have been used in trials evaluating treatments for PSIU but these may not represent patients’ and carers’ concerns. Therefore, the aims of this study were to understand the impact of PSIU on adult patients’ and carers’ lives, and to explore what outcomes of treatment are important to them.

Methods: Four focus group discussions were undertaken to understand the perspectives of adult patients (n=18) and carers (n=10) with PSIU. Participants were grouped according to whether or not their uveitis was complicated by the sight-threatening condition uveitic macular oedema (UMO). Discussions were audio recorded, transcribed and analysed using the framework analytical approach. Outcomes were identified and grouped into outcome domains.

Results: Eleven core domains were identified as important to patients and carers undergoing treatment for PSIU comprising: (1) visual function, (2) symptoms, (3) functional ability, (4) impact on relationships, (5) financial impact, (6) psychological morbidity and emotional well-being (7) psychosocial adjustment to uveitis, (8) doctor/patient/interprofessional relationships and access to health care, (9) treatment burden, (10) treatment side effects, (11) disease control.

Conclusion: The domains identified represent patients and carers experience and perspectives and can be used to reflect on outcomes assessed in PSIU. They will directly inform the development of a core outcome set for PSIU clinical trials.

Ethical approval: Ethical approval was obtained from the United Kingdom National Research Ethics Service (Reference 17-WM-0111).
Original languageEnglish
Article numbere000481
Number of pages12
JournalBMJ Open Ophthalmology
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 21 Jul 2020


  • Uveitis
  • macular edema
  • clinical trials
  • outcomes
  • outcome domains
  • focus groups
  • qualitative research


Dive into the research topics of 'Outcomes important to patients with non-infectious posterior segment-involving uveitis: a qualitative study'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this