BACKGROUND The advantage of a pancreaticogastrostomy (PG) over a pancreaticojejunostomy (PJ) after a pancreaticoduodenectomy (PD) is not clear. AIM The aim of the present study was to compare the pancreatic fistula (PF, defined according to the International Study Group for Pancreatic Fistula classification) rate and other complications between both methods. METHODS Retrospective analysis of prospectively collected data of 424 [median: 65 years (17-83)] patients who underwent PG (239, 56.4%) and PJ (185, 43.6%) reconstruction between January 2005 and December 2009. RESULTS PF occurred in 55 (23.5%) in the PG and 30 (16.2%, P= 0.067) patients in the PJ group. Grade A PF occurred in 19 (7.9%), B in 22 (9.2%) and C in 14 (5.8%) in the PG compared with 5 (2.7%), 12 (6.5%) and in 13 (7.0%), respectively, in the PJ group. The median hospital was 10 days in both groups. The morbidity was higher in the PG group (108, 45.2 vs. 62, 33.5%, P= 0.015). However, there was no significant difference in the 90-day mortality between both groups (PG-17, 7.0% vs. PJ-16, 8.6%, P= 0.558). CONCLUSION There was no difference in the overall PF rate, hospital stay and overall mortality between PG and PJ reconstruction methods. However, the grade A PF rate was higher in the PG group.
|Number of pages||9|
|Journal||HPB : the official journal of the International Hepato Pancreato Biliary Association|
|Publication status||Published - 1 Oct 2011|