Oscillations and interactions of dark and dark-bright solitons in Bose-Einstein condensates

C Becker, S Stellmer, P Soltan-Panahi, S Dorscher, M Baumert, EM Richter, J Kronjager, Kai Bongs, K Sengstock

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

411 Citations (Scopus)


Solitons are among the most distinguishing fundamental excitations in a wide range of nonlinear systems such as water in narrow channels, high-speed optical communication, molecular biology and astrophysics. Stabilized by a balance between spreading and focusing, solitons are wave packets that share some exceptional generic features such as form stability and particle-like properties. Ultracold quantum gases represent very pure and well-controlled nonlinear systems, therefore offering unique possibilities to study soliton dynamics. Here, we report on the observation of long-lived dark and dark-bright solitons with lifetimes of up to several seconds as well as their dynamics in highly stable optically trapped Rb-87 Bose-Einstein condensates. In particular, our detailed studies of dark and dark-bright soliton oscillations reveal the particle-like nature of these collective excitations for the first time. In addition, we discuss the collision between these two types of solitary excitation in Bose-Einstein condensates.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)496-501
Number of pages6
JournalNature Physics
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2008


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