Optimisation of a numerical model to simulate the dispersion and chemical transformations within the oxides of nitrogen/ozone system as traffic pollution enters an urban greenspace

Dewi Komalasari, Zongbo Shi, Roy M. Harrison

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Abstract

Urban greenspace has many health benefits, including cleaner air than the surrounding streets. In this study, a detailed exercise has been conducted to measure concentrations of NO/NO2/NOx and O3 within an urban greenspace, the University of Birmingham campus, using continuous analysers, as well as transects of NO2 measured with diffusion tubes. Concentrations have been simulated using the ADMS-Roads model which has been optimised initially using NOx concentrations for traffic emissions on surrounding roads, background concentrations, and meteorological data considering four candidate sites. Optimisation for prediction of NO2 shows the critical importance of the NO2:NOx ratio in traffic emissions, for which a derivation from atmospheric measurements is consistent with a value derived from optimisation of the model fit to roadside data. After optimisation, the model gives an excellent fit to continuous data measured at roadside. Comparison of model predictions with transects of NO2 across the greenspace also show generally good model performance. The incorporation of dry deposition processes for the nitrogen oxides into the model leads to a reduction of less than 1% in predicted concentrations, leading to the conclusion that the cleaner air within urban greenspace is primarily the result of dispersion rather than deposition processes.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)927-937
Number of pages11
JournalEarth Systems and Environment
Volume5
Early online date28 Oct 2021
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 28 Oct 2021

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
DK acknowledges the financial support from the Ministry of Research, Technology, and Higher Education of the Republic of Indonesia for a scholarship through Program Research and Innovation in Science and Technology (RISET-Pro), WB No. 8245-ID.

Publisher Copyright:
© 2021, The Author(s).

Keywords

  • ADMS
  • Diffusion tubes
  • Dispersion model
  • Nitrogen oxides
  • Ozone
  • Urban greenspace

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Global and Planetary Change
  • Environmental Science (miscellaneous)
  • Geology
  • Economic Geology
  • Computers in Earth Sciences

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