On the effect of the electrical load on vibration energy harvesting under stochastic resonance

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Abstract

Vibration energy harvesting (VEH) is a promising alternative for powering wireless electronics in many practical applications. Ambient vibration energy in the surrounding space of a target application often involves an inescapable randomness in the exciting vibrations, which may lead to deterioration of the expected power gains due to insufficient tuning and limited optimal designs. Stochastic resonance (SR) is a concept that has recently been considered for exploiting this randomness toward improving power generation from vibrating systems, based on the coexistence of near-harmonic vibrations with broadband noise excitations in a variety of practical mechanical systems. This paper is concerned with the optimal conditions for SR in vibration energy harvesters, exploring the frequently neglected effect of realistic architectures of the electrical circuit on the system dynamics and the achievable power output. A parametric study is conducted using a numerical path integration (PI) method to compute the response probability density functions (PDFs) of vibration energy harvesters, focusing on the effect of standard electrical components; namely, a load resistor, a rectifier, and a capacitor. It is found that the conditions for SR exhibit a nonlinear dependence on the weak harmonic excitation amplitude. Moreover, the modified nonlinear dissipation properties introduced by the rectifier and the capacitor lead to a tradeoff between the power output and the nonconducting dynamics that is essential in order to determine optimal harvesting designs.

Original languageEnglish
Article number010902
Number of pages13
JournalASCE-ASME Journal of Risk and Uncertainty in Engineering Systems, Part B: Mechanical Engineering
Volume7
Issue number1
Early online date21 Jan 2021
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Mar 2021

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2021 by ASME.

Keywords

  • bi-stable
  • path integration
  • stochastic resonance
  • vibration energy harvesting

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Safety, Risk, Reliability and Quality
  • Safety Research
  • Mechanical Engineering

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