On the coronal mass ejection onset and coronal dimming

Timothy Howard, RA Harrison

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

31 Citations (Scopus)


A comprehensive case and statistical study of CME onsets has been conducted on the solar limb using the CDS, LASCO and EIT instruments aboard the SOHO spacecraft. This is the first dedicated campaign to establish firmly the EUV signatures of CME onsets and is based on a series of low-corona observing campaigns made in 2002. The event database consisted of 36 multiple emission line sequences observed with CDS and the study builds, in particular, on studies of EUV coronal dimming which have been associated with CME onsets. We witness a range of dimming events in EUV coronal emission line data. Shorter events, commonly of duration 4 hours) appear to be either due to coronal evolution or rotational effects. However, for some CME onsets, where the CDS pointing was appropriate, no dimming was observed. Dimming observed in EIT typically occurred immediately after the launch of a loop or prominence, and in 5 out of 9 events there is evidence of a matter buildup within the loop before launch. A total of 10 events occurred where CDS was used to directly observe the CME footprint, but no relationship between these events was found. The results suggest that the response of the corona to a CME launch differs between the low (1.0 R-circle dot less than or equal to R less than or equal to 1.2 R-circle dot) and middle (1.2 R-circle dot <R &LE; 2.0 R-&ODOT;) corona regions, hence implying a difference between dimming observations conducted with different instruments.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)315-342
Number of pages28
JournalSolar Physics
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2004


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