Oesophageal adenocarcinoma is associated with a deregulation in the MYC/MAX/MAD network.

JK Boult, Philippe Taniere, Michael Hallissey, Moray Campbell, Chris Tselepis

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

14 Citations (Scopus)


Oesophageal adenocarcinoma, which arises from an acquired columnar lesion, Barrett's metaplasia, is rising in incidence more rapidly than any other cancer in the Western world. Elevated expression of c-MYC has been demonstrated in oesophageal adenocarcinoma; however, the expression of other members of the MYC/MAX/MAD network has not been addressed. The aims of this work were to characterise the expression of c-MYC, MAX and the MAD family in adenocarcinoma development and assess the effects of overexpression on cellular behaviour. mRNA expression in samples of Barrett's metaplasia and oesophageal adenocarcinoma were examined by qRT-PCR. Semi-quantitative immunohistochemistry and western blotting were used to examine cellular localisation and protein levels. Cellular proliferation and mRNA expression were determined in SEG1 cells overexpressing c-MYCER or MAD1 using a bromodeoxyuridine assay and qRT-PCR, respectively. Consistent with previous work expression of c-MYC was deregulated in oesophageal adenocarcinoma. Paradoxically, increased expression of putative c-MYC antagonists MAD1 and MXI1 was observed in tumour specimens. Overexpression of c-MYC and MAD proteins in SEG1 cells resulted in differential expression of MYC/MAX/MAD network members and reciprocal changes in proliferation. In conclusion, the expression patterns of c-MYC, MAX and the MAD family were shown to be deregulated in the oesophageal cancer model.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1985-92
Number of pages8
JournalBritish Journal of Cancer
Issue number12
Publication statusPublished - 17 Jun 2008


  • oesophageal adenocarcinoma
  • MAD
  • Barrett's metaplasia
  • c-MYC


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