Observation of local temporal correlations in trapped quantum gases

Vera Guarrera, Peter Wuertz, Arne Ewerbeck, Andreas Vogler, Giovanni Barontini, Herwig Ott

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36 Citations (Scopus)
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Abstract

We measure the temporal pair correlation function g(2)(τ) of a trapped gas of bosons above and below the critical temperature for Bose-Einstein condensation. The measurement is performed in situ by using a local, time-resolved single-atom sensitive probing technique. Third- and fourth-order correlation functions are also extracted. We develop a theoretical model and compare it with our experimental data, finding good quantitative agreement. We discuss, finally, the role of interactions. Our results promote temporal correlations as new observables to study the dynamical evolution of ultracold quantum gases.
Original languageEnglish
JournalPhysical Review Letters
Volume107
Issue number160403
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 14 Oct 2011

Keywords

  • cond-mat.quant-gas
  • quant-ph

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