A chemiluminescent reaction based on the deprotection of a phosphorylated phenyl dioxetane by alkaline phosphatase has recently been described (Schaap, A.P., 1988, J. Biolumin. Chemilumin. 2, 253). Light output is enhanced by intermolecular energy transfer to a micelle-solubilized fluorophore. This system is applied here to the detection of DNA probes on Southern blots. Enzyme solution assays which give an indication of sensitivity show that using this substrate 100 fg (0.7 amol) alkaline phosphatase can be detected on a luminescence plate reader (200 ms reading time). In a model Southern blotting system 180 fg HindIII digested lambda DNA was detected on film with homologous biotinylated DNA and a streptavidin-alkaline phosphatase complex. The single copy genes mos and raf-1, representing targets of 4.2 and 2.4 pg target DNA respectively, have also been detected in Southern-blotted human genomic DNA. A delay in reaching a plateau level of light output which is dependent on pH is observed but signal continues for at least 7 days. Typically, 12-h exposures to X-ray film were performed but once a steady-state light output had been achieved this time could be reduced to 2 h by preflashing film. This detection system represents a sensitive nonradioactive method, which is applicable not only to Southern blots but also to Northern and Western blots and any assay in which alkaline phosphatase is the label.
|Number of pages||6|
|Publication status||Published - 1990|