Non-medical prescribers and pharmacovigilance: participation, competence and future needs

Derek Stewart, Katie MacLure, Vibhu Paudyal, Carmel Hughes, Molly Courtenay, James McLay

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

20 Citations (Scopus)


OBJECTIVE: To determine UK non-medical prescribers' (NMPs) (supplementary or independent) current participation and self-reported competence in pharmacovigilance, and their perceptions of training and future needs.

SETTING: Non-medical prescribers in health care in the United Kingdom. Awareness of and participation in the Yellow Card Scheme (YCS); attitudes towards ADR reporting; strategies to encourage reporting; pharmacovigilance training; and demographics. The sample comprised nurse (n = 912) and pharmacist (n = 2,439) NMPs in the UK.

MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Self-reported competence in pharmacovigilance, knowledge of and participation in the YCS, attitudes towards ADR reporting; strategies to encourage ADR reporting; pharmacovigilance training during NMP training.

RESULTS: Six hundred and thirteen responses were received giving an overall response rate of 20.4 %. Response rates for nurse and pharmacist prescribers were 32.2 % (n = 293) and 13.1 % (n = 320) respectively. Three hundred and fifty-nine respondents (58.6 %) had submitted a Yellow Card. Although the majority of respondents (70.4 %) felt competent in pharmacovigilance, a third (34.2 %) said they needed further training. Respondents reported a positive attitude towards ADR reporting, yet only a minority (22.9 %) correctly answered factual questions about the YCS. Approximately a third of respondents (35.6 %) "couldn't remember" if pharmacovigilance was covered in their prescribing training. Publicity and education were commonly suggested measures to enhance contribution to the YCS.

CONCLUSION: While NMPs report participation and competence in ADR reporting, there are several key issues to consider including the need for further training and support to optimise their role in pharmacovigilance.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)268-74
Number of pages7
Journal International Journal of Clinical Pharmacy
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2013


  • Adult
  • Adverse Drug Reaction Reporting Systems
  • Attitude of Health Personnel
  • Clinical Competence
  • Drug-Related Side Effects and Adverse Reactions
  • Female
  • Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Nurse's Role
  • Nurses
  • Pharmaceutical Preparations
  • Pharmaceutical Services
  • Pharmacists
  • Pharmacovigilance
  • Professional Role
  • United Kingdom
  • Journal Article
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't


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