Non-linear blast responses of thin shell roof over long span structures

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Abstract

This paper adopts both explicit and implicit finite element methods in a specialist package LS-DYNA to investigate the non-linear, dynamic response of a long span shell roof structure when subjected to blast loading. Parametric studies have been carried out on blast loaded laminated glass plates with reference to experimental results obtained by European researchers. A case study that has been chosen is a light rail station in The Netherlands called The Erasmusline. Following the detonation of 15kg TNT charge, explicit analysis showed breakage surrounding the rigid supports along the edge beam where modal vibrations are restrained. An implicit analysis has confirmed the resonances in global eigen-frequencies where most blast damage is localised around the roof canopy hence producing cracking and potential glass detachment from the panels without full structural demolition. This insight from this study will inform structural engineers about the potential modes of failure and preventative strategies to minimise further secondary losses of life or assets from a terrorist attack.
Original languageEnglish
JournalInternational Journal of Structural Stability and Dynamics
Early online date9 Nov 2020
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 9 Nov 2020

Keywords

  • finite element modelling
  • materials technology
  • shell structures
  • blast effect
  • nonlinear response

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