New premixed compression ignition concept for direct injection IC engines fueled with straight-run naphtha

Hongqiang Yang, Shijin Shuai, Zhi Wang, Jianxin Wang, Hongming Xu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

30 Citations (Scopus)


Straight-run naphtha is tested in the newly raised combustion concept, called multiple premixed compression ignition (MPCI) mode, on a single cylinder diesel engine under different speeds. The partially premixed compression ignition (PPCI) mode is also investigated for comparison. The MPCI mode proposed by the authors was realized by multiple premixed combustion processes in a sequence of “spray–combustion–spray–combustion” around the compression top dead center (TDC). The spray and combustion events are preferred to be separated completely, with a dominant feature of “Combust After Injection End, Inject After Combustion End” to ensure the multiple-stage premixed compression ignition. The PPCI mode is well known as the “spray–spray–combustion” sequence with the start of combustion (SOC) separated from the end of injection (EOI). The straight-run naphtha has a research octane number (RON) of 58.8, and the compression ratio and displacement of the test engine is 16.7 and 0.5L. Double injection strategy is employed to generate the PPCI and MPCI modes. Maximum pressure rise rate and NOx emission of the MPCI mode is lower than that of PPCI mode, and it is easier to produce MPCI mode at lower engine speed. Diesel is also tested under double injection strategy just as the PPCI mode, but the fuel efficiency and emission performance is worse than that of straight-run naphtha.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)161-168
JournalEnergy Conversion and Management
Early online date11 Feb 2013
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2013


  • High efficiency
  • Low pollutants
  • Multiple premixed compression ignition (MPCI)
  • Partially premixed compression ignition (PPCI)
  • Straight-run naphtha
  • Engine speed


Dive into the research topics of 'New premixed compression ignition concept for direct injection IC engines fueled with straight-run naphtha'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this