PURPOSE: To investigate children's willingness to sit next to a child with noticeable exotropia as a measure of social alienation.
METHODS: This was a cross-sectional, mixed-design study. Children in primary grades 3-6 (8-12 years old) were asked to view 8 digitally modified images of exotropic or orthotropic children in classroom settings and rate their willingness to sit next to the child in each image.
RESULTS: A total of 157 children participated. A 4 × 2 × 2 mixed-design analysis of variance revealed a significant main effect for primary level (F [3, 151] = 4.06, P = .01, partial η(2) = .08) and for image type, exotropic versus orthotropic, (F [1, 151] = 108.45, P = .00, partial η(2) = .42). The results of the main effects were qualified by a significant primary level X image type interaction (F [3, 151] = 4.00, P = .01, partial η(2) = .08). Children were less willing to sit next to a person with noticeable exotropia. Although this phenomenon was consistent across all primary levels, the magnitude of the effect diminished in strength for children in higher primary levels.
CONCLUSIONS: This study further strengthens existing evidence for strabismus-related prejudice that suggests that children with noticeable strabismus may be subjected to social alienation by other children.
|Number of pages||3|
|Journal||J Am. Assoc. for Pediatric Opthalmology and Strabismus|
|Publication status||Published - 11 Jun 2011|
- Cross-Sectional Studies
- Interpersonal Relations
- Social Alienation
- Social Behavior