Nanoindentation and nanoscratch peroperties of a ceramic conversion treated γ-TiAl based alloy

Jing Xia, Chen Li, Hanshan Dong, Thomas Bell

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

27 Citations (Scopus)


Titanium aluminides have low surface hardness and poor tribological properties, which could limit their applications in such areas where contact and wear are involved, e.g. valves in an auto-engine. In this study, a gamma-based titanium aluminide has undergone a series of thermal oxidation processing to produce an oxide layer on the aluminide surface. The mechanical properties, the scratch resistance, the deformation and the damage behaviours of the oxide layer have been evaluated using nanoindentation and nanoscratch techniques. It has been found that the oxide layer on titanium aluminide surface is multi-layered oxide consisting of predominant TiO2 and Al2O3. Due to increased surface hardness (H) and elastic modulus (E-r) as well as reduced E-r/H ratio, the surface treatment has improved the scratch resistance and microabrasive wear resistance of the titanium aluminide. The nanoscratch properties of the treated titanium alummide have been correlated with the scratching load, the hardness and the E-r/H ratio of the surface oxide layer. (c) 2005 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)4755-4762
Number of pages8
JournalSurface and Coatings Technology
Issue number16-17
Publication statusPublished - 27 Apr 2006


  • nanoscratch
  • scratch resistance
  • nanoindentation
  • titanium aluminide


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