Myoelectric manifestations of jaw elevator muscle fatigue and recovery in healthy and TMD subjects

T Castroflorio, Deborah Falla, G M Tartaglia, C Sforza, A Deregibus

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

28 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The effects of muscle pain and fatigue on the control of jaw elevator muscles are not well known. Furthermore, the myoelectric manifestations of fatigue and recovery from fatigue in the masticatory muscles are not reported in literature. The main aims of this study were (i) to evaluate the possible use of surface electromyography (sEMG) as an objective measure of fatigue of the jaw elevator muscles, (ii) to compare the myoelectric manifestations of fatigue in the temporalis anterior and masseter muscles bilaterally, (iii) to assess recovery of the investigated muscles after an endurance test and (iv) to compare fatigue and recovery of the jaw elevator muscles in healthy subjects and patients with muscle-related temporomandibular disorders (TMD). The study was performed on twenty healthy volunteers and eighteen patients with muscle-related TMD. An intra-oral compressive-force sensor was used to measure the voluntary contraction forces close to the intercuspal position and to provide visual feedback of submaximal forces to the subject. Surface EMG signals were recorded with linear electrode arrays during isometric contractions at 20%, 40%, 60% and 80% of the maximum voluntary contraction force, during an endurance test and during the recovery phase. The results showed that (i) the slope of the mean power spectral frequency (MNF) and the initial average rectified value (ARV) could be used to monitor fatigue of the jaw elevators, (ii) the temporalis anterior and masseter muscle show the same myoelectric manifestations of fatigue and recovery and (iii) the initial values of MNF and ARV were lower in patients with muscle-related TMD. The assessment of myoelectric manifestations of fatigue in the masticatory muscles may assist in the clinical assessment of TMDs.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)648-58
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Oral Rehabilitation
Volume39
Issue number9
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Sep 2012

Keywords

  • Adult
  • Case-Control Studies
  • Electromyography
  • Facial Pain
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Isometric Contraction
  • Male
  • Masseter Muscle
  • Muscle Fatigue
  • Pain Measurement
  • Temporal Muscle
  • Temporomandibular Joint Dysfunction Syndrome
  • Young Adult
  • Journal Article

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