We identified a homozygous missense mutation in the noncatalytic subunit ( RAB3GAP2) of RAB3GAP that results in abnormal splicing in a family with congenital cataracts, hypogonadism, and mild mental retardation ( Martsolf syndrome). Recently, mutations in the catalytic subunit of RAB3GAP ( RAB3GAP1), a key regulator of calcium-mediated hormone and neurotransmitter exocytosis, were reported in Warburg micro syndrome, a severe neurodevelopmental condition with overlapping clinical features. RAB3GAP is a heterodimeric protein that consists of a catalytic subunit and a noncatalytic subunit encoded by RAB3GAP1 and RAB3GAP2, respectively. We performed messenger RNA-expression studies of RAB3GAP1 and RAB3GAP2 orthologues in Danio rerio embryos and demonstrated that, whereas developmental expression of rab3gap1 was generalized ( similar to that reported elsewhere in mice), rab3gap2 expression was restricted to the central nervous system. These findings are consistent with RAB3GAP2 having a key role in neurodevelopment and may indicate that Warburg micro and Martsolf syndromes represent a spectrum of disorders. However, we did not detect RAB3GAP2 mutations in patients with Warburg micro syndrome. These findings suggest that RAB3GAP dysregulation may result in a spectrum of phenotypes that range from Warburg micro syndrome to Martsolf syndrome.
|Number of pages||4|
|Journal||American Journal of Human Genetics|
|Publication status||Published - 1 Jan 2006|