Multifunctional graphene oxide-bacteriophage based porous three-dimensional micro-nanocomposites

Paolo Passaretti, Yiwei Sun, Inam Khan, Kieran Chan, Rania Sabo, Henry White, Tim Dafforn, Pola Goldberg Oppenheimer

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Citations (Scopus)
19 Downloads (Pure)


Graphene, since its successful exfoliation and characterisation has been continuously drawing extensive research interests due to its potential for a broad range of applications ranging from energy, microelectronics, through polymer fillers and sensors to environmental and biomedical devices. Exploitation of its unique chemical and physical properties for the manufacturing of functional materials, requires careful structural control and scaling-up into three-dimensional morphologies. Here, a facile method is established to create and control the bottom-up self-assembly of graphene oxide nano-sheets via unprecedented integration with a highly versatile bio-ingredient, the filamentous bacteriophage M13, into hierarchical, three-dimensional, porous sponges of GraPhage13. This study explores the interplay of the GraPhage13 structure formation and studies the mechanisms that give rise to the controllable self-assembly. The straightforward fabrication of robust hierarchical micro-nano-architectures further lays a platform for applications in energy storage and conversion, catalysis and sensing.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)13318-13329
Issue number28
Early online date28 Jun 2019
Publication statusPublished - 28 Jul 2019


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