Motivational Predictors of Physical Education Students' Effort, Exercise Intentions, and Leisure-Time Physical Activity: A Multilevel Linear Growth Analysis

IM Taylor, Nikolaos Ntoumanis, M Standage, CM Spray

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

170 Citations (Scopus)
754 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

Grounded in self-determination theory (SDT; Deci & Ryan, 2000), the current study explored whether physical education (PE) students' psychological needs and their motivational regulations toward PE predicted mean differences and changes in effort in PE, exercise intentions, and leisure-time physical activity (LTPA) over the Course of one UK school trimester. One hundred and seventy-eight Students (69% male) aged between 11 and 16 years completed a multisection questionnaire at the beginning, middle, and end of a school trimester. Multilevel growth models revealed that students' perceived competence and self-determined regulations were the most consistent predictors of the outcome variables at the within- and between-person levels. The results of this work add to the extant SDT-based literature by examining change in PE students' motivational regulations and psychological needs, as well as underscoring the importance of disaggregating within- and between-student effects.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)99-120
Number of pages22
JournalJournal of sport & exercise psychology
Volume32
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 1 Feb 2010

Keywords

  • relatedness
  • autonomy
  • self-determination
  • competence

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