Toolkits for shape-changing interfaces (SCIs) enable designers and researchers to easily explore the broad design space of SCIs. However, despite their utility, existing approaches are often limited in the number of shape-change features they can express. This paper introduces MorpheesPlug , a toolkit for creating SCIs that covers seven of the eleven shape-change features identified in the literature. MorpheesPlug is comprised of (1) a set of six standardized widgets that express the shape-change features with user-definable parameters; (2) software for 3D-modeling the widgets to create 3D-printable pneumatic SCIs; and (3) a hardware platform to control the widgets. To evaluate MorpheesPlug we carried out ten open-ended interviews with novice and expert designers who were asked to design a SCI using our software. Participants highlighted the ease of use and expressivity of the MorpheesPlug.
|Title of host publication||CHI '21|
|Subtitle of host publication||Proceedings of the 2021 CHI Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems|
|Publisher||Association for Computing Machinery (ACM)|
|Number of pages||13|
|Publication status||Published - 6 May 2021|
|Event||CHI '21: CHI Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems: Making Waves, Combining Strengths - Virtual, Virtual, Online, Japan|
Duration: 8 May 2021 → 13 May 2021
|Name||CHI: Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems|
|Conference||CHI '21: CHI Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems|
|Abbreviated title||CHI 2021|
|Period||8/05/21 → 13/05/21|
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
We thank Jason Alexander, Irina Shklovski, Kasper Hornbæk, and the HCC Section at the University of Copenhagen for reviewing the paper. This work is supported by the University of Copenhagen and EPSRC (EP/M021882/2).
© 2021 ACM.
- Shape-changing interfaces
- Toolkit design
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Human-Computer Interaction
- Computer Graphics and Computer-Aided Design