Molecular Basis of Phosphatidylinositol 4-Phosphate and ARF1 GTPase Recognition by the FAPP1 Pleckstrin Homology (PH) Domain

J He, JL Scott, A Heroux, S Roy, Marc Lenoir, Michael Overduin, RV Stahelin, TG Kutateladze

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    Four-phosphate-adaptor protein 1 (FAPP1) regulates secretory transport from the trans-Golgi network (TGN) to the plasma membrane. FAPP1 is recruited to the Golgi through binding of its pleckstrin homology (PH) domain to phosphatidylinositol 4-phosphate (PtdIns(4) P) and a small GTPase ADP-ribosylation factor 1 (ARF1). Despite the critical role of FAPP1 in membrane trafficking, the molecular basis of its dual function remains unclear. Here, we report a 1.9 angstrom resolution crystal structure of the FAPP1 PH domain and detail the molecular mechanisms of the PtdIns(4) P and ARF1 recognition. The FAPP1 PH domain folds into a seven-stranded beta-barrel capped by an beta-helix at one edge, whereas the opposite edge is flanked by three loops and the beta 4 and beta 7 strands that form a lipid-binding pocket within the beta-barrel. The ARF1-binding site is located on the outer side of the beta-barrel as determined by NMR resonance perturbation analysis, mutagenesis, and measurements of binding affinities. The two binding sites have little overlap, allowing FAPP1 PH to associate with both ligands simultaneously and independently. Binding to PtdIns(4) P is enhanced in an acidic environment and is required for membrane penetration and tubulation activity of FAPP1, whereas the GTP-bound conformation of the GTPase is necessary for the interaction with ARF1. Together, these findings provide structural and biochemical insight into the multivalent membrane anchoring by the PH domain that may augment affinity and selectivity of FAPP1 toward the TGN membranes enriched in both PtdIns(4) P and GTP-bound ARF1.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)18650-18657
    Number of pages8
    JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
    Issue number21
    Publication statusPublished - 1 May 2011


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