Allozyme and PCR-based molecular markers have been widely used to investigate genetic diversity and population genetic structure in autotetraploid species. However, an empirical but inaccurate approach was often used to infer marker genotype from the pattern and intensity of gel bands. Obviously, this introduces serious errors in prediction of the marker genotypes and severely biases the data analysis. This article developed a theoretical model to characterize genetic segregation of alleles at genetic marker loci in autotetraploid populations and a novel likelihood-based method to estimate the model parameters. The model properly accounts for segregation complexities due to multiple alleles and double reduction at autotetrasomic loci in natural populations, and the method takes appropriate account of incomplete marker phenotype information with respect to genotype due to multiple-dosage allele segregation at marker loci in tetraploids. The theoretical analyses were validated by making use of a computer simulation study and their utility is demonstrated by analyzing microsatellite marker data collected from two populations of sycamore maple (Acer pseudoplatanus L.), an economically important autotetraploid tree species. Numerical analyses based on simulation data indicate that the model parameters can be adequately estimated and double reduction is detected with good power using reasonable sample size.
|Number of pages||8|
|Early online date||19 Sept 2005|
|Publication status||Published - 1 Jan 2006|